The answer to what are boils is that boils are actually zits that may occur near or on the surface of the skin. Boils are the result of the infection caused by the bacterium named Staphylococcus aureus. The bacteria easily enter inside the skin in the form of dust or dirt and infect a wound, a skin opening or a hair follicle. Sometimes several hair follicles can get infected by the bacteria which results development of chronic boils.
In fact, to know what are boils you are required to know their symptoms and various forms. At first you will find that the infected area appears reddened and inflamed. Then within a day a small nodule will grow which would be soft and painful to touch. Some boils are severe enough to cause high chilling fever. As within few days the boil becomes mature it grows in size which ranges from 3 to 10 centimeters in diameter. Soon the boil will be filled up with pus. The pus is the result of the action taken by the immune system of the body to fight against the bacterial infection.
You should be careful while the pus gets discharged from the boils as the pus is highly contagious and may cause further development of boils whenever it comes in contact with unaffected skin areas.
The following are the various forms of boils that would help you to understand what are boils.
Furuncles – Furuncles are the boils with one opening and are caused due to an infected wound or a hair follicle. Carbuncles are the ones that have several heads. Carbuncles are more severe than furuncles and may lead to unbearable pain and fever.
Cystic Acne – Cystic acne is a complex form of acne that occurs due to the clogging of the sweat glands or the oil ducts of the skin. Cystic acne mainly affects teenagers. During the time of puberty the oil glands are highly active even some male hormones are also released that help in the formation of boils. Cystic acne occurs in the armpit, face, groin, buttocks and such.
Hidradenitis Suppurativa – This form of boils occur very rarely. The exact cause of their occurrence is not yet known. They are very complex to be completely cured with the help of taking antibiotics. Surgical treatment is perhaps the best possible method of getting rid of this form of boils.
Pilonidal Cyst – This type of boil mainly occur in the crevices of the buttock region. They get aggravated in nature if they are subjected to pressure due to long hours of sitting.
Cleanliness and maintenance of proper hygiene is perhaps the best possible way to stay away from the attack of boils.
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Author: Martha Robson
Martha Robson is a skin specialist who is an expert in treating skin related infections. She has written several articles on the web regarding effective natural remedies for boils. You may look for a good boils treatment guide from where you can get information on what are boils.
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